Posted by: Alfred | January 12, 2012

Projek Pemulihan dan Penanaman Bakau

Salam Kepada Semua,

Happy New Year to all the reader, New Year new vision. Hope you all have wonderful dragon year. Tahun baru projek baru, Awal tahun sudah ada projek baru. Penanaman pokok bakau untuk pemulihan dan pemeliharaan alam sekitar. Kira tahun pencinta alam TBR la bah.

Projek penanaman dan pemulihan bakau sudah pun bermula secara kecil-kecilan di kolam bakau, memandangkan agak susah mencari bibit bakau, maka terpaksa menunggu musim berbunga dan berbuah kemudian menyemai bibit untuk ditanam. Memang banyak kerja. Tapi memuaskan sebab sekurang-kurangnya berusaha sendiri untuk pemulihan alam bakau yang kian pupus. Penanaman dan pemulihan tidak perlu tunggu ada peruntukan atau program-program anjuran baru sibuk dengan penanaman bakau.. bagi saya kecil-kecilan pun takpa asal ada usaha, tu pendapat saya lah….

Berikut adalah bibit bakau yang ada untuk disemai dan ditanam. Maklumlah kampung-kampung style, pakai plasti ja.. kalau ndak pakai botol mineral, asalkan hidup. kalau sudah lebih kurang 1 hingga 2 kaki baru pindah ke tapak tanam.

 

Nama Temapatan : Api-api

Nama Saintifik : Avicennia spp

Family : Avicenniacea

Avicennia have the highest salt tolerance of mangrove trees. They do not exclude salts at the root level. In fact, their sap is salty, at about one-tenth that of sea water. Instead, they secrete exvess salt on their leaves through special pores, to be removed by rain or wind. Sometimes, the salt can be seen as a white crystalline layer on the upper surface of the leaf.

To avoid suffocation in the oxygen poor (anaerobic) mud, they have pencil-like pneumatophores. These stick out at regular intervals from long shallow underground cable roots that spread out from the trunk o stabilise the tree. The tiny flowers are hermaphroditic; female flowers producing sterile pollen while male flowers produce sterile ovules. Both types produces some of the best honey.

While the seed does germinate on the mother tree, the growing shoot does not penetrate the seed coat while the fruit is still on the tree (thus this is called cryptovivipary). The shoot and roots only appear after the fruit falls off. And these grow best in water of the tight temperature and salinity. Because avicennia species regenerate branches easuly from their trunk, it is possible to harverst branches without hurting the tree and maintain mangroves for such harvests (called copping). Avicennia is amoung the few use in replanting mangroves to protect coastlines (the others are Sonneratia and Rhizophora).

Role in the habitat: Being able to tolerate saltwater, Avicennia are among the first mangrove trees to colonise mud and sandbanks which are regularly flooded by seawater. Thus the trees stabilise the shores, preventing erosion and allowing other pants to grow.


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